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How far is Earth from the Sun

Earth orbits the sun 100,000 times closer than the Oort Cloud, at an average of 92,955,807 miles (149,597,870 km). The distance from Earth to the sun is called an astronomical unit, or AU, which is.. Since the Earth moves around the Sun, the distance differs, with Earth's closest point from the Sun - perihelion - reaching 147.5 million km / 91.3 million mi. When it comes to Earth's farthest point from the Sun - aphelion - it is around 152 million km / 94.5 million mi, a little over 1 AU away from the Sun

How Far is Earth from the Sun? Spac

  1. At perihelion, the Earth's closest distance to the Sun, the distance between the Sun and the Earth is 91.4 million miles. The Earth is closest to the Sun in early January. At aphelion, when the Earth is furthest to the Sun, the distance between them is about 94.5 million miles. The Earth is furthest from the Sun in early July
  2. The average distance from the Sun to Earth is 149,597,870.66 kilometers (92,955,807.25 miles) which we can simplify to what astronomers call 1 Astronomical Unit or 1 AU. So Earth is 1 AU from the Sun and receives 1 solar constant. This will help keep the math easy
  3. utes to reach us
  4. Another example: Jupiter is 5.2 AU from the Sun and Earth is 1.0 AU from the Sun. So the distance between Jupiter's orbit and Earth's orbit is about 5.2 - 1.0 = 4.2 AU or 630 million kilometers. You can use this process for any of the planets using the numbers above
  5. That's more than 1.5 million miles (2.5 million km) farther than the planet's average distance of about 93 million miles (150 million km) — and 3 million miles (5 million km) farther away than it..

First, you must know that Earth orbits the sun at a distance of approximately 150 million km. Light moves at 300,000 km per second. When one divides these numbers, the result is 500 seconds. That.. That's in contrast to our sun's distance from Earth of about 93 million miles (150 million km). In this image, the sun is located on the right, outside the image frame The table below (first created by Universe Today founder Fraser Cain in 2008) shows all the planets and their distance to the Sun, as well as how close these planets get to Earth. Mercury Closest.

How Far is the Sun From Earth? Distance, KM, Time Takes

  1. As the mass of the Sun goes down, our orbit gets proportionally bigger. However, over the entire main sequence lifetime of the Sun (about 10 billion years), the Sun will only lose about 0.1% of its mass, which means that the Earth should move out by just ~150,000 km (small compared to the total Earth-Sun distance of ~150,000,000 km)
  2. We didn't know how big it was, and we didn't know how far away it was. We orbit the Sun at a distance of about 150 million kilometers. This number is actually an average, since we follow an..
  3. Today, we're about 3 million miles (5 million km) farther from the sun than we will be six months from now. That's in contrast to our average distance from the sun of about 93 million miles (150..
  4. The distance from Earth to the Sun in miles is 92,955,887.6 miles approximately. In Aphelion it is 94.4 million miles and in Perihelion it is 91.3 million miles approximately. A light year is the unit of length to measure the distance that light travels in a vacuum and is approximately equal to 10 trillion kilometers or 10 16 meters
  5. Distance between the earth and pluto maximum distance of plas to earth how far is earth from the sun e what is the distance from earth to sun 2 8 Measuring The Astronomical UnitSolar System In Perspective NasaWhat Is An Astronomical Unit Universe TodayWhat Is An Astronomical Unit AuSun Earth Distance LetWhat Is An Astronomical Read More

How Far Is the Earth from the Sun? - WorldAtla

Earth orbits our Sun, a star. Earth is the third planet from the Sun at a distance of about 93 million miles (150 million km). 3 As the World Turns A day on Earth is 24 hours. Earth makes a complete orbit around the sun (a year in Earth time) in about 365 days. 4 We're On I more. Until 1976 the AU was defined as the semi-major axis of earth's orbit: 149,598,261 km. Where the center of mass of the solar system is at one focus, and the center of mass of the earth is on the path of the ellipse. See the video Conic Sections: Intro to Ellipses for more information on what the semi-major axis and the focus is The distance of The Sun from Earth is currently 152,064,528 kilometers, equivalent to 1.016489 Astronomical Units. Light takes 8 minutes and 27.2327 seconds to travel from The Sun and arrive to us. Distance Kilometers 152,064,528 Distance AU 1.01648

NASA - How Far? How Faint

Ross 248. Ross 248 is about 10.3 light-years from Earth in the constellation Andromeda. It was also cataloged by Frank Elmore Ross. The star is actually moving so fast through space that in about 36,000 years, it will actually take over the title as the closest star to Earth (besides our Sun) for about 9,000 years Well, the Moon is not always the same distance away from Earth. The orbit is not a perfect circle. When the Moon is the farthest away, it's 252,088 miles away. That's almost 32 Earths. When it's closest, the Moon is 225,623 miles away. That's between 28 and 29 Earths

How far away is the Sun? Cool Cosmo

The earth is as far as it ever gets from the sun Monday Ted S. Warren/AP In this Wednesday, June 30, 2021 photo, a U.S. flag flies with the sun in the background in downtown Seattle Normally, Earth is about 93 million miles from the sun. As of Thursday, it's 94.5 million miles away. Imagine you are in the middle of a great story when you turn to check that your friend is. Earth orbits our Sun, a star. Earth is the third planet from the Sun at a distance of about 93 million miles (150 million km). 3 As the World Turns A day on Earth is 24 hours. Earth makes a complete orbit around the sun (a year in Earth time) in about 365 days. 4 We're On I During this annual milestone, the Earth is 3,111,432 miles (5,007,364 km) farther from the sun than it was on Jan. 2, when Earth was at perihelion, its closest point to the sun for 2021; a.

How far is each planet from Earth? (Intermediate

First, you must know that Earth orbits the sun at a distance of approximately 150 million km. Light moves at 300,000 km per second. When one divides these numbers, the result is 500 seconds. That. When was the Earth closest to the sun? Bottom line: In 2021, Earth's closest point to the sun - called its perihelion - comes on January 2 at 13:51 Universal Time (at 8:51 a.m. CST).. Why is the Earth closest to the sun in January? Answer. Because the earth's axis is tilted. In fact, the Earth is farthest from the sun in July and is closest to the sun in January That's called aphelion and it next happens on July 5 when Earth will be 94,510,889 miles/152,100,533 kilometers from the Sun. Opposite that point is January 2—perihelion How Far Is It From Earth To The Sun? Unlike the distance between Saturn and the Sun (which is regarded as being a fixed point in our solar system but in actuality orbits and revolves around the center of our galaxy, the Milky Way), the distance between Earth and Saturn isn't set and varies due to the orbits of both planets

The starting and end dates for the seasons are 21 or 22 or 23 of the respective month. Significantly, they start at equinox/solstice and end at solstice/equinox. At the start of Spring on (vernal or March) equinox, the Earth is at distance of about 1 AU = 149.6 million (M) km, from the Sun. Spring ends on summer (June) solstice The distance between the Earth and the Sun is not a constant but varies as the Earth revolves around the Sun. When the Earth is closest to the Sun, it is known as Perihelion and when the Earth is. The correct answer is the 3rd option. The distance from Earth to the sun is called the astronomical unit. It is a unit of length symbolized as au. The distance is defined as exactly 149597870700 meters. It is also used as a fundamental component in another unit called the parsec How Far is The Sun From Earth. The Sun is located at the center of our solar system and all objects in our solar system (planets, asteroids, comets, and others) revolve around it at various distances. With that being said, the Earth orbits the sun at an average distance of 92,955,807 miles (or,149,597,870 km). We say average, because the Earth. The father earth is away from the sun the more cold. The closer the sun gets the more hot. When going threw these motions our seasons and days change as the earth moves around the sun while rotating. Hope this helped

Earth orbits the Sun at an average distance of 149.60 million km (92.96 million mi), and one complete orbit takes 365.256 days (1 sidereal year), during which time Earth has traveled 940 million km (584 million mi). Ignoring the influence of other solar system bodies, Earth's orbit is an ellipse with the Earth-Sun barycenter as one focus and a current eccentricity of 0.0167; since this value. On July 6, the earth will be 1.5 million miles farther from the sun than average. According to Space.com, that's twice as far from the sun than during perihelion, when the earth is closest to the sun Down below the image produced, you'll see the distance from the Sun, the Moon and all of the planets to Earth. It's given in the measure of an A.U. (Astronomical Unit) (except for the Moon's distance to Earth which is given in the measure of Earth radius where one Earth radius is 6,376.5 kilometers). So, let's take an example The Sun is about 149 million km (93 million miles) from Earth. This is the average distance; since Earth's orbit is an ellipse, not a perfect circle, the Earth-Sun distance varies slightly throughout the year. In early January when the Earth is at perihelion (Earth's closest point to the Sun in each orbit), Earth comes within 147.09 million km.

Distance from the Sun to the Earth in Parsecs = 4.84 x 10^-6 Parsecs. Parsecs are not usually used for such small distances. As, 1 Parsec = 3.26 Light-Years. Parsecs should only be used for distances above 3.26 Light-years. Sun is 8.3 Light-minutes away from the Earth. 8.3 light-minutes = 1.579 x 10^-5 light-years. As, 3.26 Light-years = 1 Parsec 1 Light-Year = 0.306 Parsecs 1.579 x 10^-5. The distance between Mars and Earth will vary greatly depending on where each planet is in its orbit. At its closest approach to Earth in 2020, Mars was about 38.6 million miles (62.07 million. In comparison, Earth's average distance from the Sun is 93 million miles. Mercury completes a full orbit every 88 days. It can reach 430 degrees Celsius in the day and -100 degrees Celsius at night And the Sun is further still. At half moon, the sun seems to be at $90^\circ$ to the moon. This is only possible if the sun is much further away than the moon. In conclusion, the distance to the sun must be very very large in comparison to the radius of the Earth, and we can assume that that the rays of light from the sun are parallel

With the distance to the Moon known, the stage was set for another Greek astronomer, Aristarchus, to take the first stab at determining the Earth's distance from the Sun. Aristarchus realized. Monday, July 5, 2021: Earth farthest from the Sun. Today Earth reaches its aphelion, the farthest it gets from the Sun on its slightly elliptical annual orbit that sees the distance between the. If the earth was on the same side of the Sun as Neptune, at its maximum distance from the Sun (ie its nearest distance to Neptune) and Neptune was also at its minimum distance from the sun (ie, its nearest distance to earth), the minimum distance of Neptune from Earth would be 4298 million km (or 4.298 billion km). This is a variation of about 9% Video Transcript. distance of the sun from artists given by G equals velocity must read by time. It was three times 10 to the aid meter per second times. The time is 8.3 minutes, and 62nd is one minute. Doing the math. That distance from the arts to sun comes out to be 1.5 times 10 to 11 meter. Add To Playlist

At Earth's furthest distance from the sun (called Aphelion) it is about 152 million km (94.5 million miles) away. At its closest it is (called Perihelion) it is 147 million km (91.4 million miles) away from the Sun. Aphelion occurs around the first week in July and Perihelion occurs in the first week of January each year Answer to: How far is Earth from the sun in astronomical units? By signing up, you'll get thousands of step-by-step solutions to your homework.. The Sun is the star at the center of the Solar System.It is a nearly perfect sphere of hot plasma, heated to incandescence by nuclear fusion reactions in its core, radiating the energy mainly as visible light, ultraviolet light, and infrared radiation. It is by far the most important source of energy for life on Earth.Its diameter is about 1.39 million kilometres (864,000 miles), or 109 times. How far away are we from the sun? Earth (and we) are about 93,000,000 miles from the sun. To give you an idea about how far that is, suppose we could build a highway and drive a car to the sun. Let's drive 65 miles per hour. It would take over 160 YEARS to get there! How hot is the sun The Sun and its distance from Earth. Part of. Science. The solar system. Duration 00:29. Description Classroom Ideas. Description. The centre of the Sun is almost 50 million degrees Celsius. It.

The simple answer is that the Sun is the closest star to Earth, about 93 million miles away. But that might not answer your question. Outside of our Sun, our system's nearest neighbor is Alpha Centauri. This isn't a single star, it's actually a triple-star system — three stars bound together by gravity How far is the Sun from Earth? We took a selection of questions about space and worked with groups of young people from various schools, using the expertise of the BBC Lab in Salford, to produce. Planet (or Dwarf Planet) Distance from the Sun (Astronomical Units miles km) Number of Moons Mercury 0.39 AU, 36 million miles 57.9 million km 0 Venus 0.723 AU 67.2 million miles 108.2 million km 0 Earth 1 AU 93 million miles 149.6 million km 1 Mars 1.524 AU 141.6 million miles 227.9 million km Since its orbit is oval, the farthest it is from the sun is 507 million miles (816 million kilometers) and the closest is 460.3 million miles (740.7 million kilometers). In the solar system, the center of mass for most sun-planet systems (sun-Earth, sun-Venus, etc.) lies inside of our enormous star Venus is sometimes called Earth's twin because Venus and Earth are almost the same size, have about the same mass (they weigh about the same), and have a very similar composition (are made of the same material). They are also neighboring planets. However, Venus and Earth are also very different

The distance at which Earth is located from the sun in itself is a significant factor that makes Earth different from any other planet. If you look at Mercury and Venus, you will see that they are very close to the sun, which results in the impossibility of life on them. Water and a suitable climate are hardly available On average, Pluto is a distance of 39.5 astronomical units, or AU, from the sun. That is almost 40 times farther from the sun than Earth is. Because of its elliptical orbit, Pluto is not the same distance from the sun all the time. Pluto's closest point to the sun is 29.7 AU. Getting this close means that Pluto sometimes crosses Neptune's path The distance between Mars and Earth depends where the planets are in their orbits of the Sun. Mars, also known as the Red Planet, should be around 33.9million miles (54.6m kilometres) away from Earth at its closest. At its furthest Mars is 250 million miles away from our planet. Mars is around 141.6m miles (227.9m kilometres) away from the Sun. 5 The moon's distance varies within its orbit. At its apogee, it's 252,088 miles (405,696 km) from Earth. At its perigee, it is a closer 225,623 miles (363,104 kilometers). That works out to an.

Aphelion Day 2021: Earth is farthest from the sun today

How Far is the Moon from the Sun? Since the Moon and Earth travel together throughout space, they are on average at around 150 million km / 93 million miles away from the Sun. In astronomic terms, the Moon is 1 AU (astronomical unit) away from the Sun When you observe Jupiter from Earth, you can see some of its features change. The Average Orbital Speed of the Planets As the planets orbit the Sun, they travel at different speeds. Each planet speeds up when it is nearer the Sun and travels more slowly when it is far from the Sun (this is Kepler's Second Law of Planetary Motion) On average, the distance between Earth and Mars is 139 million miles (225 million kilometers). The distance between the two planets varies as they orbit around the sun. It is unlike the distance between the earth and the moon that is somewhat constant because the moon is circling the Earth. The closest distance would only materialize if the.

Saturn sits an average of 793.8 million miles from Earth. However, the distance between Saturn and Earth varies based upon where both planets are in their orbits around the sun. At its closest, Saturn is only 745 million miles from Earth. While at the furthest points in their orbit, Saturn and Earth are separated by about 1.04 billion miles by space · July 16, 2021. On the far side of the Sun there is another powerful flare - the Earth is bombarded by high-energy particles. It happened again. For the second time in two days, on July 15, an extremely powerful flare erupted from the far side of the Sun. Although the explosion occurred on the far side of the Sun, it hit the Earth.

The Distance from the Earth to the Sun Reader's Diges

Proxima Centauri has been the nearest star for about 32,000 years. It will make its closest approach to the Sun in about 26,700 years, getting to within 3.11 light years of Earth. After 33,000 years, the nearest star will be Ross 248 The distance between the sun and the earth is 150.82 million km. The distance is referred to as one astronomical unit-the distance light travels in about eight and a half minutes. The distance between the Earth and the Sun varies slightly over the course of the year. The sun is the nearest star to earth. It is continuously emitting heat and light The first Sun-Earth Lagrange point, L1, is 1.5 million km from the Earth towards the Sun, and there have been many solar observatories located here, including DSCOVR, WIND, SOHO, and ACE. There have been other satellites out at Sun-Earth L2, where Webb will be, including WMAP, Herschel, and Planck

Aphelion in New York, New York, USA is on. Monday, July 5, 2021 at 6:27 pm EDT (Change city) Distance from the Sun's center to Earth's center will be 152,100,527 km (94,510,886 mi) Year. Perihelion. Distance. Aphelion A brief aside: the number we're talking about here is called the Earth's semi-major axis, meaning that it's the average distance between the Earth and the Sun. Because the Earth's orbit isn't. There's absolutely no reason to think it is. On the assumption that optimum here pertains to habitability, we have only one example of an inhabited world, at the present time. Without any other inhabited worlds to compare earth to, one cannot in.. The distance from Earth to the Sun during summer solstice is about 1.6 million miles further than the average distance of 93 million miles. This is because the orbit is an elliptical shape

The Lagrange points nearest the Earth are about 5 times the distance from the Earth to the Moon. L1 is between the Sun and Earth, and always views the Earth's daylight side. L2 is opposite the sun, always on the night side. (NASA illustration by Robert Simmon. The distance from the Earth to the sun is approximately 9.37 x 10^7 miles. How long does it take for light from the sun, to reach the earth? Speed of light is 3.00 x 10^8 m/s. Use dimensional analysis to solve. Science. Which statement correctly describes the sun and earth? a. the sun and earth both have water

Earth-Size Planet Orbiting Nearest Star Discovered | VideoWhy Do The Sun And Moon Look Bigger On The Horizon

That means the Earth would become uninhabitable if its average distance from the Sun was reduced by as little as 1.5 million km - which is only about four times the Moon's distance from Earth! Read more One could also measure the distance they've gone in units of the Earth-moon separation. Our satellite orbits at an average distance of 238,857 miles (384,403 km) How far is it to space, the Moon, the Sun, the stars, etc? Earth's atmosphere is divided up into several layers: the troposphere from about 6 - 20 kilometers up; the stratosphere from 20 - 50 kilometers; the mesosphere from 50 - 85 kilometers; the thermosphere from 85 - 690 kilometers; and the exosphere out to about 10,000 kilometers The sun's movement above flat earth also explains the 24-hour days in the summer and the endless nights in winter near the North Pole. As the sun circles around the flat earth on the Tropic of Cancer, it is visible 24 hours a day to those who live near the center of its daily circle

Distance Between the Sun, Moon, and Earth. This image depicts the distance from the Earth to the Moon and Sun, and the width of the Moon and the Sun. Not to scale Distance between earth and sun, a = around 150 million km, defined as one Astronomical Unit (AU). Radius of the Sun, Rsun = around 700,000 km. Orbital speed of Earth, v = around 30 km/s

What does Earth look like from outer space? Astronomy

(A clear filter is one that allows in all the wavelengths of light the sensor is capable of detecting.) The bottom image is a closeup view of the upper left quadrant of the rings, through which Earth is visible in the far, far distance. On this day, Saturn interceded between the Sun and Cassini, shielding Cassini from the Sun's glare The distance between the Earth and sun is said to be 149,597,870,700 meters or 92,955,807 miles. This distance is called an astronomical unit or AU, which is used to calculate the distance in the entire solar system. For instance, Jupiter, the fifth planet of our solar system, is 5.2 astronomical units from the sun, whereas Neptune, the eighth. The average distance between the Earth and the Sun. Explanation: Distance in the solar system (stellar system) is measured in terms of astronomical units due to large distances involved. 1 astronomical unit is equal to nearly 150 million kilometers

How far are the planets from the Sun? - Phys

The calculations reveal that the distance from Venus to the Sun is about 72% of the distance from Earth to the Sun. Additionally, in 1771, astronomers used a rare and informative event to finalize the calculations—a transit of Venus in front of the Sun. The calculation at the time was only 2% from our modern figures The distance from the Earth to the Sun is eight light minutes. I don't remember exactly what the distance between the sun and Saturn is, but I think that it's about two light hours. So, if Saturn and the Earth are on the same side of the Sun, then the distance between them is the distance between the Sun and Saturn minus the distance between. Of the three stars in the system, the dimmest - called Proxima Centauri - is actually the nearest star to the Sun. The two bright stars, called Alpha Centauri A and B form a close binary system; they are separated by only 23 times the Earth - Sun distance. This is slightly greater than the distance between Uranus and the Sun An astronomical unit, or AU, is a measurement of distance that is equivalent to the average distance between the sun and the Earth. So New Horizons is now 50 times further away from the sun than.

Is the distance from the Earth to the Sun changing

Homework Statement Light from the sun reaches Earth in 8.3 min. How far is the Earth from the sun? The velocity of light is 3 × 10^8 m/s. Answer in units of m. Homework Equations The Attempt at a Solution 8.3 min = 498 sec 3e8 x 498 = 1.494e11 If the Sun were viewed from this distance it would appear over 300 times fainter than Sirius (the brightest star in our nighttime sky) appears to us on Earth. The Sun creates daylight on Earth. If you want to know how daylight compares to other forms of light on Earth, check out our Factory entry on illumination From antiquity up until the 1700s, estimates of the distance to the Sun differed widely from each other. Aristarchus of Samos working in the 3rd Century BC estimated that the Sun was about 20x further from the Earth than the Moon, or about 8 million km in modern units. This is about 20 times too small

How Far is Earth from the Sun? - Universe Toda

The Sun can influence the Earth's climate, but it isn't responsible for the warming trend we've seen over the past few decades. The Sun is a giver of life; it helps keep the planet warm enough for us to survive. We know subtle changes in the Earth's orbit around the Sun are responsible for the comings and goings of the ice ages Chris - The Moon is pretty close. It's about a quarter of a million miles to the moon and it's about 100 million miles to the Sun, give or take. But, it's important to remember that the Moon orbits the Earth, taking about a month to complete each lap. That means that the lunar-solar (Moon-Sun) distance varies according to the Moon's orbital position

Earth farthest from the sun on July 5 Astronomy

Earth-to-sun distance is 9.3 x 10 7 mi; mass of the sun is 3.24 x 10 5 times the mass of earth. The mass of a given airplane at sea level (g = 32.10 fps 2 ) is 10 tons. Find its mass in lb m , slugs, and kg m and its gravitational weight in lb f and N when it is travelling at a 50,000-ft elevation Find the distance that the earth travels in nine days in its path around the sun. Assume that a year has 365 days and that the path of the earth around the sun is a circle of radius 93 million miles. [Note: The path of the earth . climate unit test. Everywhere on Earth is about 93 million miles away from the sun

Going the Distance: How Far is the Earth from the Sun

The Sun is completely blocked in a solar eclipse because the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun. Even though the Moon is much smaller than the Sun, because it is just the right distance away from Earth, the Moon can fully blocks the Sun's light from Earth's perspective How far is each planet from Earth? (Intermediate) for more. The solar system used to be considered to have 9 planets and I assume it is those 9 planets you refer to. One of those 9 planets is the Earth, and that is the closest, at exactly 0 km fro.. In 2021, Earth is at perihelion on January 2 at 8:50 a.m. Eastern Time and at aphelion on July 5 at 6:27 p.m. Eastern Time. At perihelion, Earth was 91,399,454 miles away from the Sun; at aphelion, it will be 94,510,886 miles away from the Sun. Image credit: NASA (Note that perihelon should be spelled perihelion in this graphic How far away is Mars? The exact answer varies, of course, as both it and our planet are constantly moving along their own orbits around the Sun. But on average, Mars is about 225 million km/140 million miles from Earth. Give or take a few. To most people (myself included) those are just numbers A comet is highly elliptical orbit around the Sun. The period of the comet's orbit is 90days. Some statements are given regarding the collision between the comet and the earth. Mark the correct statement. [Mass of the Sun = 2 × 1 0 3 0 kg, mean distance between the earth and the Sun = 1. 5 × 1 0 1 1 m

That is, as we move from Florida to Pennsylvania, our distance from the sun increases by about 30%. As a consequence the apparant size of the sun should decrease by 30%. We see no noticeable change in the apparent size of the sun as we make the trip. We conclude that the flat earth/near sun model does not work Breadcrumb Trail Links. Science; Local News; Science of winter: Canada is coldest when Earth is closest to the sun . This Saturday and Sunday, Earth will be 147.091 million kilometres from the sun This Is Earth, Mars and Pluto as Seen From the Sun's Far Side While orbiting the sun, NASA's STEREO-A spacecraft has taken a look back at Earth, to also find Mars and Pluto in shot

For Milky Way Galaxy update, go to - https://youtuSevere solar storm surprises scientists, wows skywatchersExplorer 1 | Image Galleries | Images of Earth from SpaceGoverning Planets in the Human Body | Healing Energy ToolsThe Pleiades in Earth's Galactic History

According to the early flat-Earth thinker Samuel Birley Rowbotham, who published the influential treatise Zetetic Astronomy: Earth Not a Globe in 1881, the sun is only about 32 miles (52 km) in. Distance from the Sun. Located between Mars and Jupiter, the belt ranges in distance between 2.2 and 3.2 astronomical units (AU) from the Sun - 329 million to 478.7 million km (204.43 million to 297.45 million mi). It is also an estimated to be 1 AU thick (149.6 million km, or 93 million mi), meaning that it occupies the same amount of. The Sun is a revolving sphere. It has a diameter of 32 miles and is located approximately 3000 miles above the surface of the Earth The distance between Mars and Earth is 140 million miles. Mars is one of the nine planets in the universe and is ranked fourth in terms of closeness to the sun. The distance from one planet to the other varies. Mars and Earth are the two close planets although Venus and Earth have the shortest distance between them